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By Javier Fernández Blanco, Venture and finances expert
In Spain, according to the latest published data by INE-DIRCE, there are 1.491.765 companies with employees, from which 1.488.677 have less than 250 workers, is that to say, 99,78% of the Spanish companies are SME’s.
According to the same sources, SME’s in Spain imply almost 80% of employment, that is, nearly 4 of 5 workers are employed by a SME.
The above data are devastating and show that every measure, in any aspect, directed to companies in Spain, must consider SME’s as the main character of their effects.
Compliance arrived more than 40 years ago to the United States (Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, FCPA, 1977), and more than 20 years ago to Europe (OECD Anti-corruption Convention, 1997) and it was definitely stablished both in the USA (Sarbanes Oxley Act, 2002) and in Europe (UK Bribery Act, 2010).
In Spain, we have had to wait until the Penal Code reforms from 2010 and 2015 and the Corporate Enterprises Act reform from 2014, to activate a social concern about Compliance issues and the consequent establishment of the control systems in our companies.
But any reform will be useless if SME’s don’t play a leading role. In order Regulatory Compliance Programs achieve their objectives, it is necessary the unequivocal competition of SME’s (99,79% of the business industry and 80% of employment) and the solid establishment of those in these.
After the introduction, we answer the initial question: Why my SME hast to implement a Compliance Program?
And these 7 virtues can be summarized in 2, my SME has to incorporate an Integral Regulatory Compliance Program:
And not any Regulatory Compliance Program is valid. It must be integral (not only criminal), adapted to my SME and designed, implemented and maintained very seriously (it is not valid anything based on something different from knowledge and experience), with independence and exclusivity (other type of linkages which reduce efficiency and rigor are not valid) and with a very reasonable and adjusted to realities cost (it is an investment that must cause better economic results in my SME).
THERE ARE NO EXCUSES FOR NOT IMPLEMENT, IN MY SME, AN INTEGRAL REGULATORY COMPLIANCE PROGRAM
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